If you want to know how the nation state of Türkiye came to be, Nutuk is an excellent reference to explain why and how.

Nutuk, The Great Speech, was a 36 hour speech delivered over 6 days by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk from 15 to 20 October 1927, at the second congress of the Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi; the Republican People’s Party. The speech covered the events between the start of the Turkish War of Independence 19 May 1919, up to the foundation of the Republic of Türkiye, in 1923.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (born 1881, died 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer to become the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Türkiye. We may assume it is potentially bias, but never the less, Nutuk provides a first-hand account of the events leading to the founding of the Turkish Republic


Quotes attributed to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

‘Sanatsız kalan bir milletin, hayat damarlarından biri kopmuş demektir.’
There can be variations on an English translation, such as,
‘Without art, one of the lifelines of a nation has been severed.’
But, I’m going with,
‘A nation without art has lost one of its lifelines.’

Bağımsızlık Benim Karakterimdir : İndependence Forms My Character

Yurtta Barış Dünyada Barış : Peace At Home, Peace İn The World